A continuation on my previous two posts about the first movement of Mozart‘s symphony no. 35.
You can find the score here:
And another YouTube recording here:
I encourage you to find other recordings on YouTube, iTunes or your local library to see how these dots can be interpreted in many ways.
I want to start where I left off the last time. I’m looking at bar 20 here. What we have is
- Scales in woodwinds and lower strings
- Two-note figurations on scales in high strings
- Rhythms in brass and timpani
If we start with the high strings that carry the melody here, we see that all the 8th-notes are just a scale going down (G, F#, E and so on) while all the others are a step above the previous note. A sort of recoil from the scale.
With this in mind, it’s easy to see what the high woodwinds are doing: they are playing all the 8th-notes from the melody – for melodic punctuation
As we learned previously the bassoon, cello and bass often play the same, and this is no exception. Here they – and the violas – play in thirds with the high winds.
One important thing to notice about these 8th-notes is the octave shift in 3 voices. All three shift on an 8th-note upbeat so as not to stress the heavy downbeat within the bar but to keep the drive up until the downbeat of 21.
First oboe 1 mark the third of the dominant chord (C# on A7) by stressing the upbeat before it. and next flute 2 and violas set us off for the last 3 8th-notes that drives us home to 1.
This effect is called forward motion and it is about leading to 1 instead of starting from 1.
Last we have the rhythm: notice in the audio how the brass support the 8th-notes while the rhythmic motive from the opening theme in the timpani helps the pace of this section.
Check out this great series on score-reading: